Peonies have been known to thrive for more than a century, so your peonies may outlive you. Divide peonies in spring or fall using this simple method which disturbs roots as little as possible. Peonies display their luscious flowers for a few weeks starting in spring. Don’t worry if the flowers seem a bit sparse the first spring after moving established peonies. First, dig up the plant. flower for only a short period in early summer, but these perennials can survive 20 years or more in the garden. Peonies divided in the spring … How to Dig Up Peony Plants to Move. Remove the mulch prior to the growing season in the spring. Some varieties move easily in spring or fall, but others, if moved in spring, won’t flower for a year or two. Dig in circles around the plant, going deeper and deeper until you can gently lift the root ball out of the ground. Resource links: Transplant peonies Growing peonies Start digging a good 18 inches away from the crown of the plant. You may see a few blooms the second year after planting, but it’s in the third and fourth years that flower numbers should make a comeback. Transplanting peonies in spring may interrupt growth and flowering. They love cold winters and need chilling time to make flowers. They perform best when grown in full sun and in soil that is well drained. Transplanting peonies so they rebloom takes some attention to details. Peonies (Paeonia spp.) Don’t worry if they have little or no flowers in the first year after transplanting, they are just settling in, and should bloom well after that. In November, spread 4-6 inches of mulch over your peonies to keep soil temperatures stable through the winter. Peonies are a little different from most perennials in this regard. Peonies are perennials, meaning they return every year, bringing outrageously beautiful blooms to your garden each spring. If nature doesn’t supply weekly rains, you'll need to step in with a hose. Peonies love to be fed, so inthe spring give them a dose of fertilizer meant for blooming plants. If you need to transplant peonies, the best time to do so is in the fall after they finish blooming and are approaching dormancy. Peonies transplant better when you divide them. A layer that’s 4 to 6 inches deep should prevent frost heave. Remove the mulch in early spring, before new growth appears. Peonies can be left undisturbed in the garden for many years. Do this in the fall for best results! After planting, water the divisions thoroughly. Like Oriental poppies or Siberian irises, they rarely require dividing; but if you want to break a mature plant into several smaller ones or to move an existing plant, the work is best done in late summer or early fall. The transplanted peony may not produce as many, if any, flowers as before it was transplanted. Peonies need to be watered weekly until the ground freezes in the fall. 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