[356][357] Around 54% of New Zealand adolescents participate in sports for their school. Until 1987, English was New Zealand's only official language, and remains predominant in most settings. [3][291] Immigration and demographic change in recent decades have contributed to the growth of minority religions, such as Hinduism (2.6%), Islam (1.3%), Buddhism (1.1%), and Sikhism (0.9%). [47] In response to the New Zealand Company's attempts to establish an independent settlement in Wellington[48] and French settlers purchasing land in Akaroa,[49] Hobson declared British sovereignty over all of New Zealand on 21 May 1840, even though copies of the Treaty were still circulating throughout the country for Māori to sign. The 76 - 43 vote fell along party lines. [127], The early European settlers divided New Zealand into provinces, which had a degree of autonomy. Official Languages Of New Zealand. It is unknown whether Māori had a name for the whole country before the arrival of Europeans, with Aotearoa originally referring to just the North Island. [54], Early in the 20th century, New Zealand was involved in world affairs, fighting in the First and Second World Wars[62] and suffering through the Great Depression. [171] The general snow season is early June until early October, though cold snaps can occur outside this season. For instance, in 2016, Auckland was ranked the world's third most liveable city and Wellington the twelfth by the Mercer Quality of Living Survey. Some words are eponyms (based on a personal name), such as Captain Cooker (wild boar) [373] Distinctive ingredients or dishes include lamb, salmon, kōura (crayfish),[374] Bluff oysters, whitebait, pāua (abalone), mussels, scallops, pipi and tuatua (both are types of New Zealand shellfish),[375] kūmara (sweet potato), kiwifruit, tamarillo and pavlova (considered a national dish). Employers require it and Kiwis expect most people living here will be fluent in it. [110][111] The country is a member of the United Nations,[112] the Commonwealth of Nations[113] and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD),[114] and participates in the Five Power Defence Arrangements. New Zealand's stable economy and political system, proximity to Asia's booming economies reputation for innovation and the ease of doing business make it an attractive place to invest. Immigration New Zealand accepts IELTS as evidence of your English abilities for your visa application.. With IELTS you can be confident that you are taking a test that is trusted by institutions and organisations throughout New Zealand. [265] By 2050 the median age is projected to rise to 43 years and the percentage of people 60 years of age and older to rise from 18% to 29%. [72] This theoretically allows the judiciary to interpret the law based solely on the legislation enacted by Parliament without other influences on their decisions. [300], Early Māori adapted the tropically based east Polynesian culture in line with the challenges associated with a larger and more diverse environment, eventually developing their own distinctive culture. [165], New Zealand's climate is predominantly temperate maritime (Köppen: Cfb), with mean annual temperatures ranging from 10 °C (50 °F) in the south to 16 °C (61 °F) in the north. [334] Some artists release Māori language songs, and the Māori tradition-based art of kapa haka (song and dance) has made a resurgence. It is divided along its length by the Southern Alps. In New Zealand English, the vowel in “short e” words like dress or bed moves very close to the vowel that Americans and Brits use in the word kit.In a strong Kiwi accent, therefore, red will sound very similar to American rid (i.e. Potatoes provided a reliable food surplus, which enabled longer and more sustained military campaigns. This can be hard to start with. 38 Free Lessons! [64] New Zealand experienced increasing prosperity following the Second World War,[65] and Māori began to leave their traditional rural life and move to the cities in search of work. [72] Under the MMP system, each person has two votes; one is for a candidate standing in the voter's electorate, and the other is for a party. [6] New Zealand's population increased at a rate of 1.9% per year in the seven years ended June 2020. [313] Certain items of popular culture thought to be unique to New Zealand are called "Kiwiana". As well as articles describing facets of New Zealand varieties of English, it presents research reports, bibliographical lists, summaries of other discussions relevant to its subject matter, and so on. The southern and southwestern parts of the South Island have a cooler and cloudier climate, with around 1,400–1,600 hours; the northern and northeastern parts of the South Island are the sunniest areas of the country and receive about 2,400–2,500 hours. Learning English in New Zealand will prepare you for future study and life in NZ and around the world. [80] Members of Cabinet make major decisions collectively and are therefore collectively responsible for the consequences of these decisions. A person born on or after 1 January 2006 acquires New Zealand citizenship at birth only if at least one parent is a New Zealand citizen or permanent resident. [220] Unemployment rates for different age groups follow similar trends but are consistently higher among youth. If you do not understand what is being said to you, let people know. Search by Product. New Zealand synonyms, New Zealand pronunciation, New Zealand translation, English dictionary definition of New Zealand. English has been used in New Zealand for over 200 years, from the first visit of Captain James Cook and his English-speaking crew in 1769. New Zealand's full participation in a number of defense alliances lapsed by the 1980s. [72] Elizabeth II is the queen of New Zealand[73] and thus the head of state. When the English settlers arrived in the country there was no conquest as occurred in other parts of the world, instead a treaty was signed between the English and Maori, which is still recognized and respected to this day. [308] At the time, New Zealand was not known as an intellectual country. [77] The powers of the monarch and the governor-general are limited by constitutional constraints, and they cannot normally be exercised without the advice of ministers. [15][16], Aotearoa (pronounced [aɔˈtɛaɾɔa] in Māori and /ˌaʊtɛəˈroʊ.ə/ in English; often translated as "land of the long white cloud")[17] is the current Māori name for New Zealand. You need good English language skills in New Zealand. New Zealand English is the language of the majority of New Zealand. In 1893 New Zealand was the first nation in the world to grant all women the right to vote[57] and in 1894 pioneered the adoption of compulsory arbitration between employers and unions. [150] Tourism plays a significant role in the economy, contributing $12.9 billion (or 5.6%) to New Zealand's total GDP and supporting 7.5% of the total workforce in 2016. [32] Over the centuries that followed, the Polynesian settlers developed a distinct culture now known as Māori. [115], New Zealand's military services—the Defence Force—comprise the New Zealand Army, the Royal New Zealand Air Force, and the Royal New Zealand Navy. [368][369] The "All Blacks", the national rugby union team, are the most successful in the history of international rugby[370] and have won the World Cup three times. [222] Nearly one-quarter of highly skilled workers live overseas, mostly in Australia and Britain, which is the largest proportion from any developed nation. [150] Most major cities and towns are linked by bus services, although the private car is the predominant mode of transport. A Dutchman, Abel Tasman, was the first European to sight the country but it was the British who made New Zealand part of their empire. [184] Much of the remaining forest fell after European settlement, being logged or cleared to make room for pastoral farming, leaving forest occupying only 23% of the land. [197] More penguin species are found in New Zealand than in any other country. Details are on each visa page on the Immigration New Zealand website. Regional authorities provide water abstraction, treatment and distribution infrastructure to most developed areas. More about New Zealand: Geography The Southern Alps stretch for 500 kilometres down the South Island. [82] Almost all general elections between 1853 and 1993 were held under the first-past-the-post voting system. 4,966,000 Population rank (2019) 121 Population projection 2030 5,283,000 Total area (sq mi) 103,517 Total area (sq km) 268,107 Density: persons per sq mi (2018) 47.2 Density: persons per sq km … [198], Since human arrival, almost half of the country's vertebrate species have become extinct, including at least fifty-one birds, three frogs, three lizards, one freshwater fish, and one bat. [234] In contrast, dairy farming increased, with the number of dairy cows doubling between 1990 and 2007,[235] to become New Zealand's largest export earner. Learning English after you come to New Zealand. [328], Māori quickly adopted writing as a means of sharing ideas, and many of their oral stories and poems were converted to the written form. [194][195] Marine mammals, however, are abundant, with almost half the world's cetaceans (whales, dolphins, and porpoises) and large numbers of fur seals reported in New Zealand waters. The state-owned enterprise KiwiRail now operates the railways, with the exception of commuter services in Auckland and Wellington, which are operated by Transdev[246] and Metlink,[247] respectively. This can be hard to start with. [263] Life expectancy at birth is forecast to increase from 80 years to 85 years in 2050, and infant mortality is expected to decline. [156] The highly active Taupo Volcanic Zone has formed a large volcanic plateau, punctuated by the North Island's highest mountain, Mount Ruapehu (2,797 metres (9,177 ft)). What next? Its function is to bring research on the varieties of English spoken in New Zealand to a wider audience. the power to dissolve parliament or refuse the royal assent of a bill into law). [271], The Māori were the first people to reach New Zealand, followed by the early European settlers. [45] In 1835, following an announcement of impending French settlement by Charles de Thierry, the nebulous United Tribes of New Zealand sent a Declaration of Independence to King William IV of the United Kingdom asking for protection. [77], The New Zealand Parliament holds legislative power and consists of the queen and the House of Representatives. [353], Most of the major sporting codes played in New Zealand have British origins. With a population of only four million people it’s also gloriously uncrowded. New Zealand English – the easy option In New Zealand English, we use the ‘s’ option (-ise or -yse endings) in all cases. [311] However, rural imagery and themes are common in New Zealand's art, literature and media. The proportion of New Zealand's area (excluding estuaries) covered by rivers, lakes and ponds, based on figures from the New Zealand Land Cover Database. In 1840, representatives of the United Kingdom and Māori chiefs signed the Treaty of Waitangi, which declared British sovereignty over the islands. You can trust that a New Zealand . Translation of new zealand in English. [270] The Māori loanword Pākehā has been used to refer to New Zealanders of European descent, although some reject this name. The history of New Zealand English is something of a rare gem for linguists, as it was the first dialect to have its entire development recorded on tape. Your New Zealand study adventure starts with English New Zealand. [187][188], Other indigenous animals are represented by reptiles (tuatara, skinks and geckos), frogs,[189] spiders,[190] insects (wētā)[191] and snails. [217] However, the global financial crisis that followed had a major impact on New Zealand, with the GDP shrinking for five consecutive quarters, the longest recession in over thirty years,[218][219] and unemployment rising back to 7% in late 2009. The population formed different iwi (tribes) and hapū (subtribes) which would sometimes cooperate, sometimes compete and sometimes fight against each other. During this period, literature changed from a journalistic activity to a more academic pursuit. New Zealand is a small country, similar in size to Great Britain or Japan. [164] The term Oceania is often used to denote the wider region encompassing the Australian continent, New Zealand and various islands in the Pacific Ocean that are not included in the seven-continent model. Following colonisation, immigrants were predominantly from Britain, Ireland and Australia because of restrictive policies similar to the White Australia policy. [223] In recent decades, however, a "brain gain" has brought in educated professionals from Europe and less developed countries. [153] There are 18 peaks over 3,000 metres (9,800 ft), the highest of which is Aoraki / Mount Cook at 3,724 metres (12,218 ft). [43], In 1788 Captain Arthur Phillip assumed the position of Governor of the new British colony of New South Wales which according to his commission included New Zealand. Sign up to receive relevant job opportunities from New Zealand employers and practical advice on how to make your move to New Zealand a reality. [282] The most prominent differences between the New Zealand English dialect and other English dialects are the shifts in the short front vowels: the short-"i" sound (as in "kit") has centralised towards the schwa sound (the "a" in "comma" and "about"); the short-"e" sound (as in "dress") has moved towards the short-"i" sound; and the short-"a" sound (as in "trap") has moved to the short-"e" sound. Which is why I’m going to teach you some common New Zealand phrases and lingo! [337] Early settlers brought over their ethnic music, with brass bands and choral music being popular, and musicians began touring New Zealand in the 1860s. Air New Zealand Chief Customer and Sales Officer Leanne Geraghty said "Aotearoa, the 8th Wonder of the World" is a high impact way to promote destinations across New Zealand, from Cape Reinga to Stewart Island, to both domestic and international audiences. New Zealand English Edit. [170] Auckland, Wellington and Christchurch all receive a yearly average of more than 2,000 hours of sunshine. [313], As part of the resurgence of Māori culture, the traditional crafts of carving and weaving are now more widely practised, and Māori artists are increasing in number and influence. [61] In 1947 the country adopted the Statute of Westminster, confirming that the British Parliament could no longer legislate for New Zealand without the consent of New Zealand. [33] At some point, a group of Māori migrated to Rēkohu, now known as the Chatham Islands, where they developed their distinct Moriori culture. [251] A large-scale rollout of gigabit-capable fibre to the premises, branded as Ultra-Fast Broadband, began in 2009 with a target of being available to 87% of the population by 2022. [182], Before the arrival of humans, an estimated 80% of the land was covered in forest, with only high alpine, wet, infertile and volcanic areas without trees. IELTS is a high stakes English test for anyone looking to live, work or study in New Zealand. [152], The South Island is the largest landmass of New Zealand. STUDY IN. [245] The railways were privatised in 1993 but were re-nationalised by the government in stages between 2004 and 2008. Elsewhere the plate boundary involves the subduction of one plate under the other, producing the Puysegur Trench to the south, the Hikurangi Trench east of the North Island, and the Kermadec and Tonga Trenches[162] further north. Our core purpose is to make sure students have a high quality study experience in New Zealand. Download or purchase present and past copies of the New Zealand English Journal. We don’t even have to worry about the exceptions as they are already -ise. Its exclusive economic zone is one of the largest in the world, covering more than 15 times its land area. [139][140] The New Zealand Parliament cannot pass legislation for these countries, but with their consent can act on behalf of them in foreign affairs and defence. [262], Life expectancy for New Zealanders in 2012 was 84 years for females, and 80.2 years for males. [327][328] However, the local fashion industry has grown significantly since 2000, doubling exports and increasing from a handful to about 50 established labels, with some labels gaining international recognition. Book the best English course in New Zealand on Language International: Read student reviews and compare prices for 310 courses at English schools in New Zealand… Moving to New Zealand With a Samoan Quota Visa, Moving with a Pacific Access Category visa, Information following the Christchurch terrorist attack, Construction project manager jobs in New Zealand, Qualifications and occupational registration, Manage the amount of information you give, Organise your thoughts clearly and analytically, Make your overseas experience relevant to New Zealand, Show that you can work in a New Zealand way. [316] The pre-eminent Māori architecture consisted of carved meeting houses (wharenui) decorated with symbolic carvings and illustrations. [268], While the demonym for a New Zealand citizen is New Zealander, the informal "Kiwi" is commonly used both internationally[269] and by locals. Consequently, the country has a young population compared to most industrialised nations, with 20% of New Zealanders being 14 years old or younger. "[98], In 1951 the United Kingdom became increasingly focused on its European interests,[99] while New Zealand joined Australia and the United States in the ANZUS security treaty. [241] The majority of the country's electricity supply is generated from hydroelectric power, with major schemes on the Waikato, Waitaki and Clutha rivers, as well as at Manapouri. You may need to take an English language test to show your level of fluency in English. [261] Auckland, with over 1 million residents, is by far the largest city. [88], New Zealand's judiciary, headed by the chief justice,[89] includes the Supreme Court, Court of Appeal, the High Court, and subordinate courts. [206] Even as late as the 1960s it made up over a third of all export revenues,[206] but since then its price has steadily dropped relative to other commodities,[233] and wool is no longer profitable for many farmers. [315] Surface patterns consisting of spirals, ridges, notches and fish scales decorate most carvings. [376][372] A hāngi is a traditional Māori method of cooking food using heated rocks buried in a pit oven; still used for large groups on special occasions,[377] such as tangihanga. English is spoken throughout New Zealand, however there are many local acronyms and phrases that may confuse foreign visitors. Whalers developed a slang that mixed Māori and English words and slang. [278] The United Kingdom remains the largest source of New Zealand's immigrant population, with around a quarter of all overseas-born New Zealanders born there; other major sources of New Zealand's overseas-born population are China, India, Australia, South Africa, Fiji and Samoa. Most international visitors arrive via air,[249] and New Zealand has six international airports, but currently[update] only the Auckland and Christchurch airports connect directly with countries other than Australia or Fiji. [304] However, Māori still regard their allegiance to tribal groups as a vital part of their identity, and Māori kinship roles resemble those of other Polynesian peoples. New Zealand is a remote land—one of the last sizable territories suitable for habitation to be populated and settled—and lies more than 1,000 miles (1,600 km) southeast of Australia , its nearest neighbour. Religion percentages may not add to 100% as people could claim multiple religions or object to answering the question. If you plan to work while you study, you need to make sure that your visa allows you to work. There is no official all-numeric date format for New Zealand, but government recommendations generally follow. We use a lot of words or terms you will not be familiar with and we tend to talk very fast. [331] Participation in the world wars gave some New Zealand writers a new perspective on New Zealand culture and with the post-war expansion of universities local literature flourished. [45] Ongoing unrest, the proposed settlement of New Zealand by the New Zealand Company (which had already sent its first ship of surveyors to buy land from Māori) and the dubious legal standing of the Declaration of Independence prompted the Colonial Office to send Captain William Hobson to claim sovereignty for the United Kingdom and negotiate a treaty with the Māori. In addition, New Zealand is organised into 11 regional councils and 67 territorial authorities for local government purposes. Since the 2014 election, there have been 71 electorates (which include seven Māori electorates in which only Māori can optionally vote),[84] and the remaining 49 of the 120 seats are assigned so that representation in parliament reflects the party vote, with the threshold that a party must win at least one electorate or 5% of the total party vote before it is eligible for a seat. All Blacks - the New Zealand national men's rugby union team, so named for their black uniforms. While officially the Chatham Islands Council is not a unitary authority, it undertakes many functions of a regional council. [181] New Zealand had a 2019 Forest Landscape Integrity Index mean score of 7.12/10, ranking it 55th globally out of 172 countries. [50] With the signing of the Treaty and declaration of sovereignty, the number of immigrants, particularly from the United Kingdom, began to increase. South Island cities are warmest in January. English language training in New Zealand is often called ESOL training (English for Speakers of Other Languages). Although the two varieties are by no means identical, they are often indistinguishable to outsiders. [342] Recorded Music NZ also publishes the country's official weekly record charts. [224][225] Today New Zealand's economy benefits from a high level of innovation. ", "International Migration Outlook – New Zealand 2009/10", "Birthplace (detailed), for the census usually resident population count, 2006, 2013, and 2018 Censuses (RC, TA, SA2, DHB)", "International Students in New Zealand: Needs and Responses", "The New Zealanders – Bicultural New Zealand", "British influence ebbs as New Zealand takes to talking Māori", "Waitangi Tribunal claim – Māori Language Week", "Ngā puna kōrero: Where Māori speak te reo – infographic", New Zealand Sign Language Act 2006 No 18 (as at 30 June 2008), Public Act, "Ngā hāhi – Māori and Christian denominations - Ringatū and Rātana", "Atheism and secularism – Who is secular? [20] In 1830, mapmakers began to use "North" and "South" on their maps to distinguish the two largest islands, and by 1907 this was the accepted norm. [283], After the Second World War, Māori were discouraged from speaking their own language (te reo Māori) in schools and workplaces, and it existed as a community language only in a few remote areas. The blanket term Austral English is sometimes used to cover the language of the whole of Australasia, but this term is far from popular with New Zealanders because it makes no reference to New Zealand and gives all the prominence, so they feel, to Australia. [78] The House of Representatives is democratically elected, and a government is formed from the party or coalition with the majority of seats. Non-Māori Polynesian cultures are also apparent, with Pasifika, the world's largest Polynesian festival, now an annual event in Auckland. "God Save the Queen" is officially a national anthem but is generally used only on regal and viceregal occasions. 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