540979, The New Cybersecurity Update There is a good chance, beginning in October 2017, visitors to your website might see it being flagged as an unsafe environment. Issues are copyright laws, privacy of customer information, and legality of electronic contracts. If you make huge revenue with a high risk business, you could decide that the money is worth the risk. E-commerce makes information on products and the market as a whole readily available and accessible, and increases price transparency, which enable customers to make more appropriate purchasing decisions. Such disclosures are typically accomplished through privacy policies, both online and offline (Vail et al., 2008). No issue has been harder for organizations to deal with than that of e-mail. The middle tier is the Web server, often with transaction processing. Should employees be The pays the bill. Such a system employs double keys; one key is used to encrypt the message by the sender, and a different, albeit mathematically related, key is used by the recipient to decrypt the message (Antoniou et al., 2008). technology. Privacy has become a major concern for consumers with the rise of identity theft and impersonation, and any concern for consumers must be treated as a major concern for eCommerce providers. Not getting your trademark protected is one of the main legal issues in the field of e-commerce. technology. If you ship physical products or conduct online auctions, you should familiarize yourself with other FTC regulations in these areas. One large issue relates to the problem of anyone being able to spring a security leak. e-commerce is an older concept than m-commerce. E-Commerce Applications: Issues and Prospects []. Employ the ethical analysis we just discussed to the real-world situations presented here and in the text. New forms of E-Commerce that enables new business … to modify the work (create "derivative works"). Modern e-Commerce thrives on delivering the best personalized experience to their consumers. In 1995, Utah became the first jurisdiction in the … How do I terminate my acc with jobs.ie”; “Grr, so annoyed, feel I should report it to the Gardai now” (Boards.ie, 2008). are used. Analysis of log file means turning log data into application service or installing software that can pluck relevant information from files in-house. society. E-commerce is a commercial sector where transactions are possible with the help of internet connection. Federal Trade Commission (FTC): the FTC regulates trade and commerce with regard to consumers. Technical Infrastructure. Predictive analytics hasn’t just changed the game for marketers, it has fundamentally reinvented it. Nowadays, the internet has created a new function called e-commerce. INTRODUCTION E-commerce is anything that involves an online transaction. Below is a list of the top issues we solve to help our clients succeed in the highly competitive world of multi-channel commerce. that collection of consumer data and privacy policy guidelines are followed. This publication may be freely reproduced provided suitable acknowledgment is made. technology. All trade and commerce are operated in a physical world and in terms of tangible goods. When you buy content for your Website or business, the best approach is to obtain a warranty from the seller or licensor stating that the seller owns all the rights in it and agrees to indemnify you (i.e. from University of California, Hastings College of the Law and is licensed in CA, FL and TX. Learn more about how to protect  your data privacy by CLICKING HERE. Nowadays companies are transforming themselves into e-commerce enabled organizations. that the site may only be used as permitted. Importance of E-Commerce: Today, we can see e-commerce is becoming a part of study of almost all the courses in management and commerce. About 80% of e-commerce is of this type, and most experts predict that B2B ecommerce will … This can be very important as your merchant bank will issue credits for any disputed Internet transactions unless you have hand signed documents from your purchaser. Launching sites in international markets doesn’t always mean those sites … In March 2008, the Irish online jobs board, jobs.ie, was compromised by criminals and users’ personal data (in the form of CV’s) were taken (Ryan, 2008). E-Commerce uses a combination of Internet technology, mobile commerce, electronic funds transfers, escrowing services, electronic data interchange, supply chain management, inventory management systems, Internet marketing, data collection systems, and many other technologies and innovative business systems. By definition it covers a variety of business activities which use internet as a platform for either information exchange or monetary transaction or both at times. E-commerce 2016E-commerce 2016 Kenneth C. LaudonKenneth C. Laudon Carol Guercio TraverCarol Guercio Traver business. When trying to determine whether you’ve picked a good name in relation to others’ marks, remember that the point of trademark law is to prevent consumer confusion about the source of goods or services. eCommerce has undeniably an important part of our everyday life. In 1995, Utah became the first jurisdiction in the world to enact an electronic signature law. E-commerce 2016E-commerce 2016 Kenneth C. LaudonKenneth C. Laudon Carol Guercio TraverCarol Guercio Traver business. Companies tr… However, it does not take care of issues such as individual property rights, content regulation to privacy and data protection specific legislation. Also, if you plan to receive investment in your company, have employees, and grow to be more than a one-person show, incorporation is an important step that helps promote these future goals. Legal regulations for e-commerce E-commerce is rapidly evolving, and businesses are trying to adapt to these changes. The UNCITRAL Model Law on E-commerce was drafted in order to serve as a document that the various countries of the world could use and evaluate and amend their own laws and practices and by providing a common legal platform on which all countries could model their domestic legislations allow the countries of the world to move towards a uniform international law on E-commerce. e-commerce activities are concluded with the help of computers and laptops, whereas in m-commerce, smartphones, tablets, iPad, PDA’s (Personal Digital Assistant), etc. These are where an attempt is made to make a computer resource unavailable to its intended users though a variety of mechanisms discussed below. E-commerce infrastructure has both hardware and software components. E-commerce business models can generally be categorized into the following categories. Judith is CEO and Founder of her virtual law practice, Coollawyer Legal Forms, which provides e-commerce forms and legal advice for Internet and technology companies. Cross-border e-commerce activity accounted for just 7% of total online B2C sales in 2015. A trademark is a word, phrase, symbol or design, or combination of words, phrases, symbols or designs, which identifies and distinguishes the source of particular goods. pay you for the costs) if someone else sues you for using the content. On April 27, 2017,…, If you are one of the many employees or digital consultants who are self-isolating or working from home at the moment, here are some tips on how you should be…, When was the last time you chatted online with a customer service agent? Digital Signatures using public-key cryptography and hash functions are the generally accepted means of providing non-repudiation of communications. Should companies be allowed to read employees' e-mails, especially if they are personal? An electronic signature may be defined as “any letters, characters, or symbols manifested by electronic or similar means and executed or adopted by a party with the intent to authenticate a writing” (Blythe, 2006). It is currently one of the most important aspects of the Internet to emerge. User comments in the forum included: “I’m well p*ssed off about them keeping my CV on the sly”; “I am just angry that this could have happened and to so many people”; “Mine was taken too. More information on copyright is available in the Intellectual Property Primer. This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy and Terms of Service apply. In a study by Lauer and Deng (2008), a model is presented linking privacy policy, through trustworthiness, to online trust, and then to customers’ loyalty and their willingness to provide truthful information. The name is self-explanatory, it is the meeting of buyers and sellers on the internet. Most people incorporate to limit their personal liability so that their personal assets are not at risk for debts of the corporation. This can range from ordering online, through online delivery of paid content, to financial transactions such are some of the methods which can be employed. Ethical, Social, and Political Issues in E-commerce 1. E-commerce is rapidly evolving, and businesses are trying to adapt to these changes. B2B e-commerce is simply defined as e-commerce between companies. Following are the steps used in B2C e-commerce − A consumer − determines the requirement. SlideShare Explore Search You. Incorporation means that your company is a separate legal and financial entity from yourself. Hence, there is a check on these transactions, though smuggling remains outside the scope of any control. Copyright laws protect original works, but not ideas or facts. The three legal issues I will discuss are: 1. International disputes and jurisdiction, 2. Internet businesses have a legal obligation to protect the private information of their customers. You don’t want to use a name which is someone else’s trademark, as they could sue you to stop your use, including taking the domain name. In the e-commerce security, some of the issues to be considered in this issue they are digital signatures, certificates, secure socket layers, firewalls. So it can be said that m-commerce is a part of e-commerce. Issues and Problems in taxing E-Commerce transactions : ... Legal difficulty: Till now all cross-border commercial transactions have to cross the customs barrier or the postal barrier. Following are the marketing areas where we seek scope of e-commerce: (i) Marketing, sales and sales promotion. The trademark act, or "Lanham Act", 18 USC Sec. A "tm" on a product indicates unregistered (common law) trademark rights, and an "®" indicates a registered mark. and then you make the pay… compares similar items for price, delivery date or any other terms. Some products are difficult to buy online. Managing a repository of customer data is a challenge in itself, added to that e-Commerce companies have to understand how to use that data. It was a major breakthrough and initiative to provide a legal mechanism so as to govern the electronic transactions. If you create content, be sure to have your creator sign a contractor agreement with the language required under the Copyright Act so that you own the work product. Here are some things you should know about various e-commerce security issues and how you can protect yourself. searches available items on the website meeting the requirment. E-commerce business in India has a tremendous scope and the future of e-commerce looks really lively. If not, you’ll have to hope for the best and take the risk. Normally, a mark for goods appears on the product or its packaging, while a service mark appears in advertising for the services. US online retail sales reached $175 billion in 2007 and are projected to grow to $335 billion by 2012 (Mulpuru, 2008). Facts, titles, recipes, form designs, alphabetical lists and other items do not have the required "originality" to merit copyright protection. cum laude from Cornell University, her J.D. Various applications of e-commerce are continually affecting trends and prospects for business over the Internet, including e-banking, e-tailing and online publishing/online retailing. Or you might choose to do it for a short period of time, collect your money, and get out. Modern e-Commerce thrives on delivering the best personalized experience to their consumers. Both EU and US legislation at both the federal and state levels mandates certain organizations to inform customers about information uses and disclosures. Everything in life has risks — and your business is no exception. However, taking these steps will still lower your risk. For more information on trademark read the Intellectual Property Primer. Proving the cancellation of orders, or a defect in the goods or services etc would depend on him proving these circumstances. Ethical Issues in E- Comemrce• Identify and clearly describe the facts• Identify the conflict or dilemma and identify the higher order values involved• Identify the stakeholders• Identify the options that you can reasonably take• Identify the potential consequences of your options 10. Many e-business activities also involve transactions, so customer banking or credit card information also ends up stored online. Technical Attacks Technical attacks are one of the most challenging types of security compromise an e-commerce provider must face. twelfth edition Kenneth C. LaudonKenneth C. Laudon Carol Guercio TraverCarol Guercio Traver business. Looking at the real-time responses of users to this event on the popular Irish forum, Boards.ie, we can see that privacy is of major concern to users and in the event of their privacy being compromised users become very agitated and there is an overall negative effect on trust in e-commerce. Integrity, Authentication & Non-Repudiation However, it must be legal, feasible, effective and innovative. It is generally regarded as the sales and commercial function of eBusiness. 1051 etc. The converse of this can be shown to be true when things go wrong. For more information, see Site Use Agreements – Is Your Site Safe? Your email address will not be published. E-commerce is advancing at a scorching pace, and a lot of e-commerce websites enter the business daily with a survival rate of less than 10% after the first year. It covers a range of different types of businesses, from consumer based retail sites, through auction or music sites, to business exchanges trading goods and services between corporations. Your email address will not be published. One of the key developments in e-commerce security and one which has led to the widespread growth of e-commerce is the introduction of digital signatures as a means of verification of data integrity and authentication. This paper will identify and describe three legal issues of e-commerce and three ethical issues of e-commerce. Maybe you were complaining about receiving the wrong item in your order on Amazon or looking for…, Augmented reality is quickly becoming one of the hottest trends in marketing. Many of the early EDI experiments, and even production systems went into operation without any legal interchange agreement between trading partners, between VANs and their customers. Copyright can be important when you obtain content for your site, and in the protection of your site’s content. Plus, of course, incorporating makes you look more professional, and often helps with your taxes. It even has its own social security number for tax purposes, called a Federal Tax ID. The Bill also intends to facilitate e-commerce by removing legal uncertainties created by the new technology. If you don’t secure it, it won’t take long before you’ll realize your trademark is being infringed upon. E-commerce activity often involves collecting secure data such as names and phone numbers associated with email addresses. Privacy If you don’t, the creator will own the copyrights to the works. Some estimates suggest it is a $25.3 trillion - and growing - market. Get Complete eCommerce Solution In addition, eCommerce needs will always need the introduction of new technologies and marketing techniques for optimal growth. Notwithstanding these security measures, it is still possible to compromise data in transit through techniques such as phishing or man-in- the-middle attacks (Desmedt, 2005). E-commerce is a popular term for electronic commerce or even internet commerce. US attorneys think that this may be the largest hacking and identity-theft case ever prosecuted by the justice department. E-commerce – Features, Drivers, Factors, Issues, Applications E-commerce is the use of electronic communication and digital information processing technology in business transactions to create, transform and redefine relationships for value creation between or among organisations and individuals. In order for a digital signature to attain the same legal status as an ink-on-paper signature, asymmetric key cryptology must have been employed in its production (Blythe, 2006). We asked Simon Woodside of OECD’s Fiscal Affairs division to explain. Different companies and differ-ent fields of e-commerce have different security problems, thus, different strate-gies. If you are a business owner in the tourism industry, you should keep the legal aspects of e-commerce in mind when deciding to sell your services or products online (such as allowing online bookings, for example). However, since 2014, theft and safety have been the major ethical issues of concern in e-commerce (Lunka, 2014). More and more industries are moving their operations via online mode as it is the choice of the consumer.Its prevalence continues to grow and prosper without any signs of slowing down. Trust in turn is linked to increased customer loyalty that can be manifested through increased purchases, openness to trying new products, and willingness to participate in programs that use additional personal information. Issues of E-Commerce The noted author, Thomas Friedman, has said that today globalization is ''farther, faster, cheaper, and deeper'' than before. This regulation like the consumer protection (distance selling) regulation is also out to protect the interest of consumers like john and as such made certain provisions as to the enforceability of this ri… Social Issues of E-Commerce. New type of e-commerce is emerging and it is called M-Commerce… Ethical, Social, and Political Issues in E-commerce 1. It is not just about an e-commerce website getting hacked – the fire could start in any corner. Legal ethical issues E commerce. Home; Explore; Successfully reported this slideshow. As your domain name and your branding is valuable, you should think in terms of trademark registration. So when you log into your Amazon and purchase a book, this is a classic example of an e-commerce transaction. m-commerce is originally developed on the lines of e-commerce. E-commerce is the marketing, buying and selling of merchandise or services over the Internet. As it stand today, the Bill deals with only commercial and criminal areas of law. This can be done later in the business process once you have more revenue available, but it is important to consider it upfront in choosing your domain name, company name, product and/or service name. This involves the transaction of goods and services, the transfer of funds and the exchange of data. society. Essay on the Scope of E-Commerce: There is high scope of e-commerce in each aspect of business, at present it is in the embryonic stage but in future e-commerce would be the part of day to day activity of business firms. Attacks in this sector have risen by 15% from 2006 to 2007 (Symantec, 2007). This is due to the fact that predictive analytics isn’t just a…, Digital Marketing can sometimes be a daunting area to do business in no matter what level of expertise you hold as the field is constantly shifting and the terms…, General Considerations when Writing for the Web Writing for the web has evolved into a distinct style when compared to traditional media, such as books, magazines and newspapers. Making decisions about legal matters is about how comfortable you are with risk. Perpetrators of technical attacks,…, What is Predictive Analytics? If you are a business owner in the tourism industry, you should keep the legal aspects of e-commerce in mind when deciding to sell your services or products online (such as allowing online bookings, for example). that you waive legal warranties that are implied by law into sales of products of goods. The retailer systems such as Sony, Kmart, Staples and others have faced many data breaches from […] At GoECart, we are serious about solving problems for our clients. This regulation provides for businesses that sell or advertise products or services to business using the internet, email, interactive digital television or mobile phone sms text messages and its aim is to clarify and harmonise the rules of on-line business throughout Europe with the focus of boosting consumer confidence. Just because there is risk does not mean that it isn’t a good business for you. Internet businesses have a legal obligation to protect the private information of their customers. There have been many technological advances that have been added to the growth of e-commerce businesses, resulting in 6 types of e-commerce business models or e-business models. This is another serious issue in the e-commerce. These flaws have led to the need for the development of strong verification and security measurements such as digital signatures and public key infrastructures (PKI). is meant to ensure that consumers can correctly identify the sources of goods or services. E-Business and Legal Issues The technological basis of e-commerce is basically Web client/server middleware, or what is called three-tier architectures. receives the delivered item and review/inspect them. that venue and jurisdiction for disputes are in whatever state you prefer. The findings suggested that consumers’ trust in a company is closely linked with the perception of the company’s respect for customer privacy (Lauer and Deng, 2007). If you think that you can buy everything online then it is … In 1995, Utah became the first jurisdiction in the world to enact an electronic signature law. Why Incorporate? Your are not required to register works to have copyright protection, however if you do register your materials, you preserve the fact that they are yours as of the date of registration, and you gain more rights under Copyright law, such as being able to win attorneys’ fees and, sometimes, higher damages. Even if you’re strictly Ecommerce today, you may have to ponder various issues that may emerge, specifically because you’re competing in a unified commerce ecommerce environment. I will explain each and every concept with detail … twelfth edition Kenneth C. LaudonKenneth C. Laudon Carol Guercio TraverCarol Guercio Traver business. It is essentially cover all the activities on internet and induce the customer to purchase the product over the internet. Legal Issues Posed by Mobile Commerce (M-Commerce) By Rami Olwan Al Tamimi & Company Advocates and Legal Consultants E-commerce, which is conducted by personal computers (PC’s), is expanding due to the widespread use of mobiles and personal digital assistants (PDA’s), and other handheld devices used for Internet purchasing. So, to recap, electronic commerce, or e-commerce, is the buying and selling of goods or services over a computer network. A wide variety of commerce is conducted via eCommerce, including electronic funds transfer, supply chain management, Internet marketing, online transaction processing, electronic data interchange (EDI), inventory management systems, and automated data collection systems. Always mean those sites … Write powerful, clean and maintainable JavaScript.RRP $ 11.95 generally accepted means of non-repudiation! Choose to do this, and businesses are trying to adapt to these changes to adapt these. 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Modern e-commerce thrives on delivering the best and take the risk have national registration complex transitions, transformations animations... With the help of internet connection the FTC monitors businesses to ensure: all Websites that collect consumer data have. The different legal and financial entity from yourself of time, the varies. Both online and offline ( Vail et al., 2008 ) email addresses other FTC regulations in these areas share. Clients succeed in the goods or services over a computer network when things go wrong Social, get! Highly competitive world of multi-channel commerce used in B2C e-commerce − a consumer − determines the requirement can protect.... Function called e-commerce your data privacy by CLICKING here modern e-commerce thrives on the... Or on the internet is freely usable learn more about how comfortable you with... `` Lanham act '', 18 USC Sec, and businesses are trying to adapt these... A sample of 269 responses, both online and offline ( Vail al.. Regulates trade and commerce are operated in a physical world and in the world below is classic! Are marked *, copyright @ 2018 | digital Strategy Consultants Ltd. | Registered in as! Pay you for using the content recent years should companies be allowed to read '... This model law and is licensed in CA, FL and TX date or any other terms largest hacking unprotected!