Describe the key features of religious, courtly, and civic architecture of the Vijayanagar Empire. Established in 1336 by Harihara I (who ruled from 1336–1356 CE), it enjoyed its greatest political and cultural prominence under Emperor Krishna Deva Raya (who ruled from 1509–1529 CE) and lasted until 1646, when it was conquered by the Muslim Sultans of Bijapur and Golkonda. The Empire’s military included Muslim militia and the Kings married princesses from neighbouring Islamic Kingdoms. The horses on some pillars stand seven to eight feet tall. VIJAYANAGAR ARCHITECTURE . Examples of this style can also be seen in the Vijayanagara temples of Kolar, Kanakagiri, Shringeri and other towns of Karnataka; the temples of Tadpatri, Lepakshi, Ahobilam, Tirumala Venkateswara, and Srikalahasti in Andhra Pradesh; and the temples of Vellore, Kumbakonam, Kanchi, and Srirangam in Tamil Nadu. Emblem of vijayanagar.jpg 530 × 460; 39 KB Hero stone with old Kannada inscription from the late Vijayanagara period.JPG 3,456 × 5,184; 8.58 MB Karnataka, epoca di Vijayanagara, xiv-xv sec.JPG 1,568 × 2,628; 417 KB This article is about the unique, salient features of the Vijayanagara Empire Art and Architecture style that developed during the reign of Vijayanagar Rayas over a period of three centuries from 1336 to about 1614. The rulers of Vijayanagar encouraged literature, art, architecture, religious, and philosophical discussions. Vijayanagar painting is most commonly represented in elaborate manuscripts and wall paintings in Hindu temples. Dance: Bharatanatyam was promoted. The empire during that period served as a bulwark against invasion from the Turkic Sultanates of the Indo-Gangetic Plain; and remained in constant competition and … Vijayanagar era architecture can be broadly classified into religious, courtly, and civic architecture. Many of these temple pillars were chipped in a manner that they started to have eight and sixteen sides. Mysore painting, an important form of South Indian classical painting, developed out of Vijayanagar painting and originated in the southern town of Mysore, in Karnataka, during the reign of the Vijayanagar emperors. In order to cover the unevenness of the stone used in sculptures, artists employed brightly painted plaster to smooth over and finish rough surfaces. The city is believed to have … Vijayanagara Empire- Art and Architecture, Vijayanagara Empire Art and Architecture style, Temple building activities of the Vijayanagar Emperors, Early phase of development in the Vijayanagara Empire Art and Architecture Style, Distinctive elements of the Vijayanagara Art and Architecture, Vijayanagara Temple Architecture: High Compound Walls of the temples, Vijayanagar Temple Architecture: The Raya-Gopurams, Vijayanagara Temple Architecture: Large Courtyards, Vijayanagara Temple Architecture: The Amman Shrine, Vijayanagara Temple Architecture: Kalyan Mantapa and the Hundred Pillared Halls, Vijayanagara Empire art and Architecture: Evolution of Pillars, Preferred Material for the construction of the temples, Vijayanagara Empire art and Architecture: Yali and the Horse Carvings, Vijayanagara Temple Art and Architecture: Introduction of Curved Eaves, Monolithic Sculptures of Vijayanagara Temple Architecture. Sometimes, these massive pillars were supported on Yalis carved out of round granite stone. Kalyan Mandapas were constructed on slightly raised platform for a throne in the middle of the structure for the annual marriage ceremony of the deity and his consort; this ceremony was conducted with great religious fervor. Sasivekalu and Kadalekalu Ganesha temple, the monolith of Lakshmi-Narasimha in Hampi, Click here to read about the ancient Indian Temple Architecture, Click here to read about the paintings in the Veerbhadraswamy temple of Lepakshi, Meera Bai : The Saint, poetess and the rebel queen of Chittorgarh. Vijayanagar Rayas ruled as the representatives of Lord Virupaksha. They channeled the enormous wealth and resources accumulated by them towards the general upkeep of old existing temples (accepting the spiritual sanctity of those ancient centers of worship) and also constructed many new temples, giving the architects freedom to experiment with new ideas and style, and in-turn commissioned aesthetically magnificent structures, as mark of their devotion to the almighty. In addition to architecture and sculpture, the Vijayanagar emperors were enthusiastic patrons of painting. He was able to maintain his position in the face of the Bahmani … This dravida style became popular during the reign of Krishnadeva Raya and is seen in South Indian temples constructed over the next two centuries. Another element of the Vijayanagar style is the carving and consecration of large monolithic statues, such as the Sasivekalu Ganesha and Kadalekalu Ganesha at Hampi. Granite was used in plenty for temple structure, halls, gateways, enclosure walls. 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